PREVALENCE OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS AND QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG MIDDLE AGED ADULTS OF PAKISTAN
Keywords:Knee, Middle aged, Osteoarthritis, Prevalence, Quality of life
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common and disabling constant Musculoskeletal Disorder that causes significant weight on individual, Health Care Systems, and social economy. With the maturing of the populace and the commonness of undesirable way of life practices, the predominance and disease burden of OA are expanding day by day. Objective: To find the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis and quality of life among middle-aged adults. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted at the major hospitals and physical therapy clinical setups of Pakistan from April to July 2019 (4 months) after approval of IRB/ERC (SRMCH/MS/20/12/41) Suleman Roshan medical college hospital, Tando Adam. The total sample was n=300 selected using non-probability convenience sampling. The middle-aged adults (40-65 years) having moderate to severe knee pain, both male and female were included. According to the American college of rheumatology the criteria for assessing OA by using history, physical examination, and radiographic findings: pain in the knee and one of following over 50 years of age, less than 30minutes of morning stiffness crepitus on active motion and osteophytes and quality of life assessed according to WHOQOL-100 score. The results of the study are presented as frequency, percentages, and mean ±SD. The data were analysed through SPSS 21.Results: The mean age of the study participants (n=300) was a 48.96±6.804 year. The majority of the participants were female (n=208) and the remaining n=92 were male. The prevalence of OA in the middle aged adults (n=300) n=170 (56.7%). The significantly reduced QoL among patient having knee OA (37.19±23.22 ver 42.51±22.69, p<0.05) as compare to those having knee pain without Knee OA.Conclusion: The prevalence of knee pain in middle-aged adults is high and their quality of life is moderately affected.
Key words: Knee, Middle-aged, Osteoarthritis, Prevalence, Quality of life.
Copyright (c) 2022 Faisal Basheer Malik, Aamir Gul Memon, Saleh Shah, Danish Latif, Muhammad Faheem Afzal, Shoaib Ahmed Memon
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