Effects of percussive massage treatment with theragun on pain and muscle length on post exercise delayed onset muscle soreness of calf muscles in healthy population

Authors

  • Mahnoor Rao Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Syed Shakil ur Rehman Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Danish Hassan Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Mehwish Ikram Riphah International University Lahore, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52567/trj.v7i02.213

Keywords:

muscle flexibility, muscle soreness, percussion therapy, stretching exercises

Abstract

Background: People who engage in unusually intense or prolonged physical activity frequently experience delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). DOMS may be treated using percussion massage therapy, which employs a portable tool to administer quick, repeated strikes to the muscle tissue. While there hasn't been much research done on the effects of Theragun specifically.

Objective: to determine the effects of percussive massage treatment with theragun on pain and muscle length on post-exercise delayed onset muscle soreness of calf muscles in the healthy population.

Methodology: This randomized control trial (NCT05026944) was conducted at Kasrat Health and Fitness Club, Lahore, Pakistan. The study was approved by the research ethical committee of Riphah International University Islamabad (REC/RCR &AHS/21/0410) A total of n=24, healthy females, age ranging from 20-30 years with post-exercise DOMS of calf muscles were included. All the study participants were randomly divided into group A received Percussive Massage Treatment with Theragun in addition to stretching exercises, while group B only received stretching exercises. The outcome variables were pain on NPRS and short-form McGill pain (SF-McGill) and calf muscle length with Goniometer, measured on the baseline, after 24 hours, after 48 hours and after 72 hours.

Results: The mean age was 25.8±3.00 years, and BMI was 24.7±4.72 kg/m2 respectively. Both groups showed significant improvement (p<0.05) from the baseline to the end of treatment at each level of assessment. The group comparison showed that both the groups are not significantly different (p≥0.05) in all variables except left calf muscle length, which showed significant improvement (p<0.05) in group A, at the end of treatment, as compared to group B.

Conclusion: It was concluded that individuals with post-exercise DOMS treated with theragun percussive massage increased the calf muscle length, however, no significant difference was seen in pain when compared with the static stretching group.

Keywords: muscle flexibility; muscle soreness; percussion therapy; stretching exercises.

Author Biographies

Mahnoor Rao, Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan

PG Student

Syed Shakil ur Rehman, Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan

Professor

Danish Hassan, Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan

Assistant Professor

Mehwish Ikram, Riphah International University Lahore, Pakistan

Senior Lecturer

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Published

2023-06-30