EFFECTIVENESS OF STABILITY BALL EXERCISES COMBINES WITH ERGONOMIC SETTING IN PREGNANCY RELATED LOW BACK PAIN. A RANDOMIZED CONTROL TRIAL

soi: 21-2017/re-trjvol05iss01p253

Authors

  • Anam Aftab Department of Physical Therapy. Zia ud din Medical University. Karachi Pakistan
  • Amjad Rashed Hamdan Alyahyawi College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Ha'il, Ha'il, Saudi Arabia
  • Sara Kafeel Isra Institute Rehabilitation Sciences, Islamabad. Pakistan
  • Nabeela Kanwal Faculty of Rehabilitation & Allied Health Sciences, Riphah International University Islamabad
  • Javeria shehzadi Faculty of Rehabilitation & Allied Health Sciences, Riphah International University Islamabad
  • Hadia Nadeem Faculty of Rehabilitation & Allied Health Sciences, Riphah International University Islamabad
  • Rizwana Butt Institute of Medical Rehabilitation, Islamabad Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52567/trj.v5i02.111

Abstract

Background: Pregnancy related low back pain (PR-LBP) is very common, which affects activities of daily life including work, sleep, physical activity and compromise the quality of life. The prevention PR-LBP through physical therapy is uncommon in Pakistani population. Objective: to determine the effectiveness of stability ball exercises (SBE) in combination with ergonomic training (ET) in pregnancy related low back pain (PR-LBP). Methodology: A single blinded, randomized clinical trial was conducted at physical therapy department of Haleema Siraj Hospital Rawalpindi Pakistan. A total of n=90, who were coming to the clinic for follow-up, fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were thus recruited through non-probability convenient sampling technique. The study participants were randomly divided in to two groups i.e. SBE (n=45) and combination of SBE with ES (n=45), through lottery method. Quebec disability scale (QDS) was used to determine the functional disability. Results: The mean age of study participants was 26.5±4.56723 years. Significant improvement was observed in both groups with larger effect size throughout the treatment duration (p<0.05).Conclusion: SBE and combination of SBE with ES significantly reduced low back pain and functional disability

Keywords: activities of daily living, disability, ergonomic, posture, pregnancy, pregnancy related low back pain, stability ball exercises.

Author Biographies

Anam Aftab, Department of Physical Therapy. Zia ud din Medical University. Karachi Pakistan

Assistant Professor

Amjad Rashed Hamdan Alyahyawi, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Ha'il, Ha'il, Saudi Arabia

Assistant Professor

Sara Kafeel, Isra Institute Rehabilitation Sciences, Islamabad. Pakistan

Assistant Professor

Nabeela Kanwal, Faculty of Rehabilitation & Allied Health Sciences, Riphah International University Islamabad

Lecturer

Javeria shehzadi, Faculty of Rehabilitation & Allied Health Sciences, Riphah International University Islamabad

Senior Lecturer

Hadia Nadeem, Faculty of Rehabilitation & Allied Health Sciences, Riphah International University Islamabad

Lecturer

Rizwana Butt, Institute of Medical Rehabilitation, Islamabad Pakistan

Doctor of Physical Therapy

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Published

2021-12-31

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