ASSOCIATION OF DEPRESSION, ANXIETY AND STRESS WITH FIBROMYALGIA IN PAKISTANI POPULATION

soi: 21-2017/re-trjvol02iss01p55

Authors

  • Aneela Ghafoor Department of Physical Therapy. Kulsum International Hospital Islamabad. Pakistan
  • Ubaid-ur- Rehman Zohra Institute of Health Science, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Misha Ansari School of Health Sciences. University of Tasmania. Australia
  • Saima Aslam Isra Institute of rehabilitation Sciences, Isra University Islamabad Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52567/trehabilij20155-57

Abstract

Objectives: to find level of depression, anxiety & stress and its association with fibromyalgia among Pakistani Population. Methodology: A descriptive cross sectional correlational study was carried out on n=314 participants. Sample was selected through convenient sampling technique from patients visiting department of Physical Therapy Benazir Bhutto hospital Rawalpindi (BBH) and Department of Physical Therapy Isra Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences. Both genders of all age groups, diagnosed with musculoskeletal disorder (MSKD) were included in study. The data was obtain about age, gender, weight, height, BMI, sleep hours, occupation and depression, anxiety and stress scale (DASS). To diagnose fibromyalgia from MSKD, Physical therapist used new modified 2016 criteria for fibromyalgia was used. To present data mean±SD was used for continuous variable and n(%) for categorical variable. To find association between fibromyalgia and DASS chi-square test was used. Results: The mean age was 41.84±16.47 years. The average height weight and BMI was 166.04±12.74 (cm), 68.03 ±12.50 (kg) and 25.05±6.57 respectively. Average sleep hours of study participants was 7.79±2.02 hr/day. The mean score of depression (5.43±4.25), anxiety (7.08±4.46) and stress (6.69±5.02) showed that maximum participants with fibromyalgia has mild level depression, moderate level of anxiety and normal level of stress respectively. The significant association of depression(X2=23.80, p<0.001), anxiety (X2=24.39, p<0.001) and stress (X2=14.62, p<0.001) was observed with fibromyalgia syndrome. Conclusion: The study concludes that patient with fibromyalgia have mild depression, moderate anxiety. Fibromyalgia significantly associated with depression, anxiety and stress and vise versa. Keywords: Depression, anxiety, stress, fibromyalgia, musculoskelatal disorders.

Author Biographies

Aneela Ghafoor, Department of Physical Therapy. Kulsum International Hospital Islamabad. Pakistan

Junior Physical Therapist

Ubaid-ur- Rehman, Zohra Institute of Health Science, Rawalpindi Pakistan

In charge Academic.

Misha Ansari, School of Health Sciences. University of Tasmania. Australia

Ph D Scholar,

Saima Aslam, Isra Institute of rehabilitation Sciences, Isra University Islamabad Pakistan

Lecturer

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Published

2018-06-30