EFFECTS OF ENDURANCE AND RESISTANCE TRAINING ON BODY COMPOSITION

soi: 21-2017/re-trjvol02iss01p49

Authors

  • Zulqarnain Haider Department of Sport Sciences Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Tahir Masood Riphah college of rehabilitation Sciences
  • Naveed Ashraf Director Sport Sciences Islamia University Bahalpur. Pakistan
  • Aneeba Sadiq Isra Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences. Isra University Islamabad
  • Muhammad Shah Department Of Physical Education Sports, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan. Pakistan
  • Ismat Ullah , Islamabad Model College for Boys, F-7/3, Islamabad

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52567/trehabilij20149-54

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the study was to compare the endurance and resistance training effects on body composition. Material and Methods: Forty healthy male and female participants, aged 20 to 35, were equally assigned to 12 weeks of Endurance (n=20) and Resistance training (n=20) groups. Both trainings comprised 3 sessions per week of 45-60 minutes each with progression induced with the passage of time. Body mass, body mass index, %body fat, %muscle mass, %body water, waist circumference, hip circumference, and waist-to- hip ratio were calculated with bioelectrical impedance analysis and measurement tape. Data collection was repeated after 12 weeks of training. Between-group analyses were done by independent-samples t test while paired-samples t test was used to analyze within-group changes. Results: After endurance training, all parameters improved significantly (p<0.001) except for the waist-to-hip ratio (p=0.054). Conversely, there was no significant change after resistance training in any parameter except for a significant reduction in hip circumference (p<0.05). Conclusion: Results suggested that 12 weeks of Endurance training had positive effects on body composition and other variables while resistance training did not affect body composition. Keywords: Body composition, Endurance training and Resistance training

Author Biographies

Zulqarnain Haider, Department of Sport Sciences Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan

Visiting Lecturer.

Tahir Masood, Riphah college of rehabilitation Sciences

Professor,

Naveed Ashraf, Director Sport Sciences Islamia University Bahalpur. Pakistan

Director

Aneeba Sadiq, Isra Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences. Isra University Islamabad

Senior Lecturer,

Muhammad Shah, Department Of Physical Education Sports, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan. Pakistan

Lecturer.

Ismat Ullah, , Islamabad Model College for Boys, F-7/3, Islamabad

Assistant Director Physical Education

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Published

2018-06-30